Last Updated:  February 2010

The Depressed Child plans to update this page once a quarter or as news warrants

 

"Take Charge of the Care of Your Child"

News, Political and Legislative Developments        

          Our primary source of news about the mental health profession, depression and, especially, treatment of childhood depression, is Psychiatric News, http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/, a publication of the American Psychiatric Association.  You can visit their site and sign up for notice of the publication and table of contents of the latest issue by e-mail, free of charge. 

            We are no longer providing our own long summaries of news stories on this page.  Rather, we are linking to the original story in Psychiatric News or whatever other publication we reference, unless hyperlinking is not possible.  Please click on the first line of a headline to be linked to the original story, unless an editor's note suggests something else.

            As of the September 4 issue, where an item is from Psychiatric News, we are including the author's name and using the heading and summary paragraph from Psychiatric NewsWhere possible, we also have provided links  to the source material identified by Psychiatric News or other publication. Frequently, these are abstracts of professional publications.  These publications often charge for access to full articles. 

          If you see a news story of significance to parents of depressed children, and don’t see it here, please send it along to webmaster@depressedchild.org and, if we agree, we will post it here.

          Look for a long list of older news articles summarized for you by The Depressed Child, sometimes with  comments from the webmaster, on the Archives Page.  Just because an article predates 2008 does not mean it is not valid or useful.  You may find what you are looking for there.  There you also can find some older letters from readers about their own stories dealing with depressed children.

The following article links were added most recently:

Behavioral Risks at Fault in Most Youth Deaths

Jun Yan

Accidental, self-inflicted, and violence-related injuries are the leading worldwide causes of death in male youth, while maternity-related conditions and infectious diseases are the main contributors in females.

An abstract of “Global Patterns of Mortality in Young People: A Systematic Analysis of Population Health Data” is posted at<www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)60741-8/abstract>.

--- Psychiatric News, Oct. 16, 2009

Depressed Teens Sustain Gains From Long-Term Treatment

Jun Yan

A major depression-treatment study reveals good news regarding prevention of recurrences of major depressive disorder in adolescents who get high-quality depression treatment for six to nine months.

“The Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS): Outcomes Over 1 Year of Naturalistic Follow-Up” is posted at<ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2009.08111620v1>.“ Clinical Messages From the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS)” is posted at<ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2009.08101606v1>.“ Fluoxetine Versus Placebo in Preventing Relapse of Major Depression in Children and Adolescents” is posted at<ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/165/4/459>.

--- Psychiatric News, Oct. 16, 2009

Family Intervention Benefits Children of Depressed Parents

Mark Moran

Prevention of mental illness has come of age, with two reports last year from the Institute of Medicine on the subject. This article, looking at prevention of depression in children, is the first in an occasional series that Psychiatric News will run on various subjects related to prevention.

An abstract of “Adaptation of the Preventive Intervention Program for Depression for Use With Predominantly Low-Income Latino Families” is posted at <www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/122394197/abstract>.

An abstract of “Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial” is posted at <http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/301/21/2215>.

“Depression in Parents, Parenting and Children: Opportunities to Improve Identification, Treatment, and Prevention” is posted at <www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12565>.

“Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders Among Young People: Progress and Possibilities” is posted at <http://books.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12480&page5>.

--- Psychiatric News, Jan. 1, 2010

Parental Depression: Let's Talk

The Clinician-Based Cognitive Psychosocial Intervention for Families, designed by psychiatrist William Beardslee, M.D., is designed to open dialogue in families about the effects of parental depression.

A description of the intervention is posted at <www.nrepp.samhsa.gov/programfull-details.asp?PROGRAM_ID=88>.

--- Psychiatric News, Jan. 1, 2010

Psychiatrists Write Fewer Than 1 in 4 Psychoactive Prescriptions

Mark Moran

The results raise questions about whether patients who receive mental health care in general medical settings are receiving treatment in accordance with evidence-based guidelines.

“Psychotropic Drug Prescriptions by Medical Specialty” is posted at<http://psychservices.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/60/9/1167>.

--- Psychiatric News, Oct. 16, 2009

Comparative-Effectiveness Advocates Vow Better Outcomes Will

  Rich Daly 

Mental health experts highlight the numerous challenges and opportunities to expand the use of comparative research, which has drawn criticism, however, for its potential to eliminate treatment options.

Further information on the Carter Center Mental Health Program is posted at <www.cartercenter.org>.

--- Psychiatric News, Dec. 4, 2009

Psychiatrists Protest Blues' New Coverage Requirements

Rich Daly

Less-strict versions of the Illinois insurer's new requirements have begun to appear in other states as companies look to implement a federal parity law that still lacks regulatory guidelines.

--- Psychiatric News, Dec. 4, 2009

Gender and Drug Type Linked to Suicidal Thoughts

Jun Yun

Research reveals risk factors for increased suicidal ideation during antidepressant treatment in subgroups of patients and offers clues as to which biochemical pathways are involved.

“Suicidal Ideation During Treatment of Depression With Escitalopram and Nortriptyline in Genome-Based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP): A Clinical Trial” is posted at <www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1741-7015-7-60.pdf>. “Genetic Predictors of Increase in Suicidal Ideation During Antidepressant Treatment in the GENDEP Project” is posted at <www.nature.com/npp/journal/v34/n12/pdf/npp200981a.pdf>. Additional information about the GENDEP project is posted at <gendep.iop.kcl.ac.uk>.

--- Psychiatric News, Dec. 4, 2009

Disaster Responses Often Ignore Kids With Psychological Injuries

Aaron Levin

Following tornados, tsunamis, or terror events, children are more vulnerable and need specialized attention for their psychological as well as physical injuries.

--- Psychiatric News, Dec. 18, 2009

Brand-Name Drug Prices Soar Far Beyond Inflation Rate

Jun Yan

If it often seems that medications are costing more than ever, it is not your imagination, as wholesale prices for brand-name drugs soar, while they decline for generics.

AARP's “Rx Watchdog Report: Drug Prices Continue to Climb Despite Lack of Growth in General Inflation Rate” is posted at <assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/ppi/health-care/i36-watchdog.pdf>.

-- Psychiatric News, Jan. 15, 2010

SSRIs Produce Positive Changes in Two Personality Traits

Joan Arehart-Treichel

Though the SSRI antidepressants may be able to counter depression independently of their effect on neuroticism, their ability to reduce neuroticism may still help buffer people against depression relapses

An abstract of “Personality Change During Depression Treatment” is posted at <http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/66/12/1322>.

-- Psychiatric News, Jan. 15, 2010

Media Gave Incomplete Story on Antidepressant Warnings

Aaron Levin

Media coverage of the FDA's warnings on antidepressant use in youth present mixed views of harms and good.

An abstract of “News Coverage of FDA Warnings on Pediatric Antidepressant Use and Suicidality” is posted at <http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/125/1/88>

-- Psychiatric News, Feb. 5, 2010

     The above links conclude those added most recently.

Strong Link to Suicide Found for Anxiety, Conduct Disorders

Jun Yan

Various psychiatric disorders can contribute to higher risks of suicidal thoughts and attempts, but scientists do not yet understand enough about the mechanisms to prevent suicide reliably.

"Cross-National Analysis of the Associations Among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys" is posted at www.plosmedicine.org/article/info:doi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.1000123

--- Psychiatric News, Sept. 18, 2009

New Policy Helps Pediatricians Sharpen Psychiatric Skills

Stephanie Whyche

Expanding pediatricians' awareness and skill to assess and treat children with common mental health problems will go a long way toward improving access to care, says the chair of APA's Council on Children, Adolescents, and Their Families.

"The Future of Pediatrics: Mental Health Competencies for Pediatric Primary Care" is posted at <http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/full/124/1/410

--- Psychiatric News, Sept. 4, 2009

******

Mental Health Care Recognized as Integral to Primary Pediatric Care

--- Psychiatric News, Sept. 4, 2009

*********

Antidepressant Use Rises in 10-Year Period

Jun Yan

The rate of antidepressant use doubled from 1996 to 2005, while the use of psychotherapy declined. In more recent years, other data on antidepressant use indicate that this trend has flattened or reversed.

--- Psychiatric News, Sept. 4, 2009
               [Depressed Child Ed. Note:  As described in other articles, antidepressant prescriptions are down for children since the FDA strengthened suicide thoughts warnings on the drups.]

***********

Concentrated Treatment Regimen May Stave Off Depression

in Children of Depressed Parents

An abstract of "Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents" is posted at <http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/301/21/2215>. An abstract of "Prevention of Depression Among Icelandic Adolescents" can be accessed at <www.sciencedirect.com> by clicking on "B," then "Behavior and Therapy," then the July issue. 

---Psychiatric News., Aug. 7, 2009

************* 

Study Links Sudden Death, ADHD Drugs;

FDA Says Don’t Stop Using the Meds

"Sudden Death and Use of Stimulant Medications in Youths" is posted at <ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2009.09040472v1>. The editorial "Stimulant Treatment of ADHD and Risk of Sudden Death in Children" is posted at <ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2009.09050619v1>. The FDA announcement is posted at <www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm166667.htm>.

-- Psychiatric News, July 17, 2009

*********** 

Depression Diagnosis Rate Drops for All Ages

After FDA Imposes Suicide Risk Warnings on Antidepressants

An abstract of "Persisting Decline in Depression Treatment After FDA Warnings" is posted at <archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/66/6/633>.  

Figure 1

-- Psychiatric News, July 17, 2009

************ 

FDA Committee Supports Efficacy of Three Drugs

For Treatment of Bipolar and Schizophrenia in Children and Teens;

Safety Concerns Persist

-- Psychiatric News, July 3, 2009 

****************

Little Data on Effect of Parents’ Depression on Their Children;

Call for Multi-Generational Studies;

Estimate 7.5 Million Parents in U.S. With Depression Caring for

16 Million Children Under 18

"Depression in Parents, Parenting, and Children: Opportunities to Improve Identification, Treatment, and Prevention" is posted at <www.bocyf.org/parental_depression_brief.pdf>

 -- Psychiatric News, July 3, 2009 

*************

Found Effective in Reducing Psychiatric Symptoms, Suicide

 and Improving Academic Achievement, Study Finds

"Working Together to Help Youth Thrive in Schools and Communities" is posted at <www.samhsa.gov/children/docs/shortReport.pdf>.  

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News, July 3, 2009

*************** 

Study: Depression Causes Thoughts of Suicide,

But Anxiety Disorders, Impulse Control Issues and Substance Abuse

Cause Suicides

An abstract of "Mental Disorders, Comorbidity, and Suicidal Behavior: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication" is posted at <www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/mp200929a.html>.

--  Psychiatric News, July 3, 2009

**********

Study:  ADHD Meds Improve Academic Performance

of Grade Schoolers; Patients Still Behind Students Without ADHD

An abstract of "Positive Association Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Medication Use and Academic Achievement During Elementary School" is posted at <pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/123/5/1273>. 

-- Psychiatric News, June 19, 2009

************

Victims of Chronic Bullying More Likely to Develop Psychosis Symptoms, Including Depression, Before Age 13, British Study Claims

An abstract of "Prospective Study of Peer Victimization in Childhood and Psychotic Symptoms in a Nonclinical Population at Age 12 Years" is posted at <http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/short/66/5/527>.

--- Psychiatric News,  June 19, 2009

********** 

One in 20 Boys Who at Age 8 Lived With One Parent,

Engaged in Misconduct, or were Hyperactive or Suffered Anxiety,

Committed Suicide by Age 24;

No Similar Link for Girls:  Finnish Study Tracking 5,300 Children

An abstract of "Childhood Predictors of Completed and Severe Suicide Attempts" is posted at <http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/66/4/398>. 

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News, June 5, 2009

**************

Mental Health Drug Prices Rise Steeply.

Wellbutrin Leads the Pack at 21%; SSRI’s Rise 9% --

All Well Ahead of Low Inflation

AARP's "Rx Watchdog Report" is posted at <http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/health/2009_07_rxq408.pdf>.  

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News, May 15, 2009

**************** 

FDA Approves New Drug For Teen Depression:  Escitalopram.

Long-Term Efficacy and Safety Still Uncertain;  FDA Rejects

Approval of Companion Drug Citalopram For Teens

The FDA-approved label for escitalopram is posted at <www.fda.gov/cder/foi/label/2009/021323s030s031,021365s021s022lbl.pdf>.

--- Psychiatric News, May 1, 2009

**************** 

U.S. Psychiatric Care Caught in “Stranglehold” of Rising Demand and

Limited Resources; Few States Get Good Grade in NAMI Study

"Grading the States 2009" is posted at <www.nami.org/gtsTemplate09.cfm?Section=Grading_the_States_2009>.

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News,  May 1, 2009 

********************* 

Difficult-to-Treat Depressed Adolescents Fare Slightly Better With

Counsel and Medication Than On Medication Alone;

Prospects Still Grim For Abused Children and Those Who Injure Themselves

See also an earlier article (March 6, 2009) at http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/44/5/14

An abstract of "Treatment of Selective Reuptake Inhibitor–Resistant Depression in Adolescents: Predictors and Moderators of Treatment Response" is posted at <journals.lww.com/jaacap/Abstract/2009/03000/Treatment_of_Selective_Serotonin_Reuptake.13.aspx>.

The Full Study is posted at <http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2008.08070976v1>.

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News, April 3, 2009

******************* 

Older Dads More Likely to Father Bipolar Kids

An abstract of "Advancing Paternal Age and Bipolar Disorder" is posted at <http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/65/9/1034>. 

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News,  Nov. 7, 2009

*************** 

Spike In Suicides By Children 10-19 Continued in 2005;

May Be a Trend.  Causes Sought.

Decline in Rate Ended in 2003.  Some Suggest FDA Suicide Warnings and Subsequent Reduction in Antidepressant Prescriptions a Cause.

"Suicide Trends Among Youths Aged 10 to 19 Years in the United States, 1996-2005" is posted at <jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/300/9/1025>. 

Figure 1

 --- Psychiatric News, Oct. 3, 2009

***************** 

(Ed. Note:  Two articles.  Click hyperlinks below headline)

Sleep Disorders May Mimic or Cause Symptoms of Mental Health Problems.

See Sleep Disorder Questionnaire at Link Below

 (Two Articles)

http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/43/17/20-a

http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/psychnews;43/17/20 

The sleep questinnaire may be obtained free online at <www.kidzzzsleep.org/researchinstruments.htm>. Spanish and Chinese translations are available. 

--- Psychiatric News, Sept. 5, 2008

***************** 

Large Study Shows When Mom’s Depression is Treated Successfully,

Her Kids Show Fewer Psychiatric Symptoms, Too 

The article, "Children of Depressed Mothers 1 Year After the Initiation of Maternal Treatment: Findings From the STAR*D Child Study" is posted at <http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/reprint/appi.ajp.2008.07081286v1>. 

--- Psychiatric News, Aug. 1, 2008

****************

Depression Symptoms in Children Differ from Adults

But Often Are Overlooked By Pediatricians and Mental Health Professionals;  Irritability, Anxiety May Be More Common Symptom Than Sadness

-- Psychiatric News, July 4, 2008 

*******************

The next six articles from Psychiatric News in the spring of 2008 show that even the mental health profession is uncertain if antidepressants are effective, or, if so, whether warnings about suicide risk and resulting reduction in prescriptions have caused an increase in suicides among adolescents.  They do seem unanimous that counseling and medication combined are effective. Headline comments below are those of The Depressed Child-- Editor, The Depressed Child.

 Suicide Among Adolescents Increases In Canada and US After Agencies

in Both Countries Warn of Suicide Risk in Antidepressants,

Causing Prescription Decline

An abstract of "Effect of Regulatory Warnings on Antidepressant Prescription Rates, Use of Health Services, and Outcomes Among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults" is posted at <www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/178/8/1005>.

Figure 1

Figure 2

 -- Psychiatric News, May 16, 2008

****************** 

BUT a Study in Britain Says Decline in Use of Antidepressants Has Not

Increased Suicide Among Adolescents in that Country

An abstract of "Suicide Rates in Young Men in England and Wales in the 21st Century: Time Trend Study" is posted at <http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/bmj.39475.603935.25v1>. "Antidepressants and Suicide" is posted at <http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/bmj.39482.666366.80v1>. 

-- Psychiatric News, April 4, 2008

************* 

AND the Debate Continues Over Whether Antidepressants are Effective at All

"Initial Severity and Antidepressant Benefits: A Meta-Analysis of Data Submitted to the Food and Drug Administration" is posted at <http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0050045>. Turner and Rosenthal's editorial, "Efficacy of Antidepressants," is posted at <www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/336/7643/516>.

--- Psychiatric News, April 4, 2008

 **************

AND Another Study Concludes that Sustained Treatment Regimen

of Counseling and Medications Seen as Effective in

Treating Depression in Adolescents

An abstract of "Achievement and Maintenance of Sustained Response During the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study Continuation and Maintenance Therapy" is posted at <http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/65/4/447

Figure 1

--- Psychiatric News, May 16, 2008

*************** 

AND this Study Agrees:

Combined Counseling and Medication Results in Good Response Among Depressed Teens

An abstract of "Switching to Another SSRI or to Venlafaxine With or Without Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents With SSRI-Resistant Depression" is posted at <http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/8/901>. 

-- Psychiatric News, March 21, 2008

 **************** 

SO Does this One:  Counseling Effective for Depressed Teens

 An abstract of "A Randomized Controlled Trial of Fluoxetine and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in Adolescents With Major Depression, Behavioral Problems, and Substance Use Disorders" is posted at <archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/161/11/1026>. An abstract of "Prevalence of Positive Substance Abuse Screen Results Among Adolescent Primary Care Patients" is posted at <archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/161/11/1035>.

--- Psychiatric News, Jan. 4, 2008

 ********** 

State Rankings for Suicide, Depression

"Ranking America's Mental Health: An Analysis of Depression Across the States" is posted online at <www.mentalhealthamerica.net/go/state-ranking>.  

 --- Psychiatric News, Jan. 18, 2008

***************

How to Treat Preschoolers With Signs of ADHD,

Depression, Bipolar, Anxiety or Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders?

Panel of Experts Offers Guidelines for Step-by-Step Treatment

 Another possibly useful article is in Psychiatric Times, March 2008 at http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/display/article/10168/1147666?pageNumber=2&verify=0

--- Psychiatric News, Jan. 18, 2008

  Older news can be found at our Archives page.